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宏观经济学研讨会(总第252期)
宏观经济学研讨会(总第252期)
宏观经济学研讨会(总第252期)
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来源:无  发表日期:2018-11-13  阅读次数:160

[ECON20181217]

宏观经济学研讨会

(共252期)

时间】20181114日(周三)12151345

【地点】明商0202教室

【主讲】周璇网上赌博网址经济学院助理教授

[主题Use it or lose it: Efficiency Gains from Wealth Taxation(Fatih Guvenen等人,2017年经济动力学会会议论文集)

【摘要】【主持】陈彦斌

全国人大的宏观研讨会旨在追踪宏观经济的最新发展,倡导构建符合国情的动态优化模型,并利用计算机模拟研究经济增长,收入分配等主要宏观经济问题。宏观经济政策。

联系人:王兆瑞Email:Macro_Workshop@163.com

下载:www.docin.com/mydoc-88265459-1.html

欲了解更多讲座信息,请访问:econ.ruc.edu.cn,www.yanjiuyuan.com.cn。

网上赌博网址经济学院

手机赌博网站

ECON20181217

宏观经济学研讨会

(总第252期)

时间】20181114日(周三)12151345

【地点】明商0202教室

【主讲】周璇网上赌博网址经济学院助理教授

主题Use it or lose it: Efficiency Gains from Wealth TaxationFatih Guvenen et al.,Meeting Papers from Society for Economic Dynamics, 2017

【摘要】This paper studies the quantitative implications of wealth taxation (tax on the stock of wealth) as opposed to capital income taxation (tax on the income flow from capital) in an overlapping-generations incomplete-markets model with rate of return heterogeneity across individuals. With such heterogeneity, capital income and wealth taxes have opposite implications for efficiency and some key distributional outcomes. Under capital income taxation, entrepreneurs who are more productive, and therefore generate more income, pay higher taxes. Under wealth taxation, on the other hand, entrepreneurs who have similar wealth levels pay similar taxes regardless of their productivity, which expands the base and shifts the tax burden toward unproductive entrepreneurs. This reallocation increases aggregate productivity and output. In the simulated model calibrated to the US data, a revenue-neutral tax reform that replaces capital income tax with a wealth tax raises welfare by about 8% in consumption-equivalent terms. Moving on to optimal taxation, the optimal wealth tax is positive, yields even larger welfare gains than the tax reform, and is preferable to optimal capital income taxes. Interestingly, optimal wealth taxes result in more even consumption and leisure distributions (despite the wealth distribution becoming more dispersed), which is the opposite of what optimal capital income taxes imply. Consequently, wealth taxes can yield both efficiency and distributional gains.

【主持】陈彦斌教授

人大宏观经济学研讨会(Macro Workshop)旨在追踪宏观经济学国际最新进展,倡导构建符合国情的动态优化模型,并使用计算机模拟研究经济增长、收入分配和宏观政策等中国宏观经济重大问题。

联系人:王兆瑞 EmailMacro_Workshop@163.com

资料下载:www.docin.com/mydoc-88265459-1.html

更多讲座信息请访问:econ.ruc.edu.cnwww.yanjiuyuan.com.cn

网上赌博网址经济学院

手机赌博网站

ECON20181217

宏观经济学研讨会

(总第252期)

时间】20181114日(周三)12151345

【地点】明商0202教室

【主讲】周璇网上赌博网址经济学院助理教授

主题Use it or lose it: Efficiency Gains from Wealth TaxationFatih Guvenen et al.,Meeting Papers from Society for Economic Dynamics, 2017

【摘要】This paper studies the quantitative implications of wealth taxation (tax on the stock of wealth) as opposed to capital income taxation (tax on the income flow from capital) in an overlapping-generations incomplete-markets model with rate of return heterogeneity across individuals. With such heterogeneity, capital income and wealth taxes have opposite implications for efficiency and some key distributional outcomes. Under capital income taxation, entrepreneurs who are more productive, and therefore generate more income, pay higher taxes. Under wealth taxation, on the other hand, entrepreneurs who have similar wealth levels pay similar taxes regardless of their productivity, which expands the base and shifts the tax burden toward unproductive entrepreneurs. This reallocation increases aggregate productivity and output. In the simulated model calibrated to the US data, a revenue-neutral tax reform that replaces capital income tax with a wealth tax raises welfare by about 8% in consumption-equivalent terms. Moving on to optimal taxation, the optimal wealth tax is positive, yields even larger welfare gains than the tax reform, and is preferable to optimal capital income taxes. Interestingly, optimal wealth taxes result in more even consumption and leisure distributions (despite the wealth distribution becoming more dispersed), which is the opposite of what optimal capital income taxes imply. Consequently, wealth taxes can yield both efficiency and distributional gains.

【主持】陈彦斌教授

人大宏观经济学研讨会(Macro Workshop)旨在追踪宏观经济学国际最新进展,倡导构建符合国情的动态优化模型,并使用计算机模拟研究经济增长、收入分配和宏观政策等中国宏观经济重大问题。

联系人:王兆瑞 EmailMacro_Workshop@163.com

资料下载:www.docin.com/mydoc-88265459-1.html

更多讲座信息请访问:econ.ruc.edu.cnwww.yanjiuyuan.com.cn

网上赌博网址经济学院

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